How many graphemes are there?
For example, the phoneme /f/ has four graphemes: f (as in funny), ff (as in puff), ph (as in photo), and gh (as in laugh).
The phoneme /ī/ has five graphemes: i (as in kind), igh (as in night), i-e (as in bite), y (as in try) and ie (as in pie).
Exactly because there is no one-to-one correspondence between phonemes and graphemes, children need systematic phonics instruction in order to learn the most common phonemes for each grapheme and the most common graphemes for each phoneme. This will enable them to decode (read) and encode (spell).
Below is a chart with the most common graphemes for each phoneme that children are taught at school.
Blah Blah Blah Phonics Card Game
If you think “Systematic Synthetic Phonics” doesn’t sound like the best time of your life, think again. Blah Blah Blah is the hilariously fun and effective phonics card game for ages four and up. It’s fast-paced, it’s silly, and it’s highly competitive. The game was developed with teachers and phonics experts and is aligned to the National Curriculum, making it the perfect tool for young readers! But for those of you genuinely interested in “Systematic Synthetic Phonics”, take a peek at our overview of the Science of Reading.For ages 4+